Chapter 6: Quarantine
Quarantine is generally for 14 days. However, if a shelter is transporting dogs from a particular shelter and finds over time that all the cases break in a shorter time period, a shorter quarantine is acceptable. This can happen when exposure tends to happen early in the dog’s stay at the source shelter (prior to transport), and by the time the dogs are transported they have already had a few days to incubate illness if exposed. It can also happen when exposure is either heavy or not at all. In our experience, heavily exposed dogs will usually break within seven days of exposure.
Puppies should be bathed at the beginning of quarantine to prevent self-infection from virus remaining on fur as maternal antibodies wane. All dogs over four months of age should be vaccinated if they have not already or if under 5 months, the last vaccine was over 2 weeks prior.
All adult dogs should be housed singly if possible and if not, should be housed as cohorts; puppies can be housed in pairs and each kennel should have their own cleaning supplies. Have limited staff assigned to the quarantine ward and provide PPE (gloves, long sleeved gowns, shoe covers or separate shoes) that must be changed between puppies/pairs of puppies and after exiting the ward for adults.
Foot baths are not acceptable to control CPV. If possible bathe adult dogs at the end of quarantine to remove lingering parvo remnants on fur, especially if exposure was heavy (bathe puppies too, if not done at the start of quarantine).
About This GuideBook
- Introduction and significance in a shelter
- Who can be infected?
- Recognition and Diagnosis
- Risk Assessment: How do you decide how much to worry about exposed animals?
- Disinfection: How do you get rid of it?
- Reintroduction of Recovered Animals
- The Bottom Line
- Balancing Parvovirus Risk and Puppy Socialization
- Client Information
- Communicating with the General Public when Parvoviral Infections Occur in your Shelter